HUMAN RIGHT TO WATER
- Almost half the inhabitants of developing countries suffer at some time from health problems caused by lack of water, dirty water or deficient sanitation, these being among the main causes of infant mortality.
- In cities – where the world population is increasingly concentrated – the number of people with difficulties to access water and sanitation is increasing.
- In 2030, almost half of the population will live in areas with water stress, that is to say in areas where the demand will exceed the quantity of water available.
- 40% of the world population lives in transboundary basins, where 60% of the planet's fresh water is located.
These data illustrate why water-related problems and crises are currently considered to be a risk with a huge global impact. Because universal access to water is essential for sustainable development without inequalities, for a decent quality of life which eradicates poverty and for peace.
THE RIGHT TO WATER MUST ENSURE THAT EVERYONE HAS SUFFICIENT, SAFE, ACCEPTABLE, ACCESSIBLE AND AFFORDABLE WATER FOR PERSONAL AND DOMESTIC USES.
Between 50 and 100 litres of water per person per day ensure that basic needs are met (drinking, washing, preparing food, cleaning the home and personal hygiene) and health concerns are avoided.
Guarantee the safety of drinking water for both personal and domestic use. That is to say, free from micro-organisms and chemical substances that can threaten health.
Water should be of an acceptable colour, odour and taste for personal and domestic use. All water and sanitation facilities and services must take into account the gender, age and privacy requirements of people.
Nearby water which, according to the WHO, must be less than 1 km from the home and no more than 30 minutes away.
Water costs should not exceed 3% of household income.